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" (Tests) measure no more than the shadow of achievement ... But when the shadow is mistaken for the substance - when nationally prescribed tests are placed at the centre of a school's assessment of its pupils ... then children's individual accomplishments will at best be caricatured and at worst be altogether denied."
Michael Armstrong 1989. 'Popular Education and the National Curriculum' Forum 30 (3) 74-76.
quoted in the editorial of English in Education, Vol 53 Issue 1, 2019